Biology (BIOL)

Biology is the natural science that concerns itself with study of the living world. The faculty of the biology department approaches the principles of the science from the unifying perspective of the theory of evolution. Emphases include the theory and practice of the way scientific investigations are conducted as well as the more practical applications of biology.

A major in biology may serve as a sound preparation for those interested in careers in the life sciences including those who go on to graduate or medical school. Majoring in biology also adds to students’ understanding of the issues concerned with health, the environment, and agriculture. In addition, Bucknell’s biology majors are given the opportunity to become broadly educated “whole” scientists. They are encouraged to explore their interests within the humanities and social sciences.

Biology Majors

Two degree programs are offered through the biology program.

Bachelor of Arts

The Bachelor of Arts major requires eight courses in biology.

Core Sequence

BIOL 205Introduction to Molecules and Cells 11
BIOL 206Organismal Biology 11
BIOL 207Genetics 11
BIOL 208Principles of Ecology and Evolution 11
Four 300-level electives 2
CHEM 211
  & CHEM 212
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry II 3
2
MATH 201Calculus I1
MATH 216Statistics I1
1

Must be completed by the end of the third year.

2

One elective can be BIOL 399 Undergraduate Research, but additional 399 credit may be applied as electives beyond the courses offered for the major.

At least one elective must be in each of the three areas listed below. Two of these courses from different areas must be a laboratory or field course.

3

Must be completed by the end of the sophomore year.

Area I - Cellular/Molecular

BIOL 302Microbiology1
BIOL 304Biology of Cancer1
BIOL 322Physiological Mechanisms1
BIOL 323Mammalian Histology1
BIOL 324Neurophysiology1
BIOL 326Cytogenetics1
BIOL 327Molecular Biology1
BIOL 331Functional Genomics1
BIOL 332Developmental Neurobiology1
BIOL 340Biochemical Methods1
BIOL 347Virology1
BIOL 348Immunology1
BIOL 352Cell Biology1
BIOL 365Introduction to Microscopy1

Area II - Organismal

BIOL 312Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy1
BIOL 313Mammalogy1
BIOL 314Amphibian Biology and Conservation1
BIOL 316Plant Growth and Development1
BIOL 318Principles of Physiology1
BIOL 328Endocrinology1
BIOL 336Anatomy and Microscopy of Plants1
BIOL 337Biology of Aging1
BIOL 339Developmental Biology1
BIOL 342Neuroethology1
BIOL 357Ornithology1
BIOL 358Invertebrate Zoology1
BIOL 359General Entomology1

Area III - Ecological/Evolutionary

BIOL 321Behavioral Ecology1
BIOL 330Plant Systematics1
BIOL 334Limnology1
BIOL 341Organic Evolution1
BIOL 351Field Botany1
BIOL 353Ecosystem Ecology1
BIOL 354Tropical Ecology1
BIOL 355Social Insects1
BIOL 361Systematic Biology1
BIOL 370Primate Behavior and Ecology1

Bachelor of Science

The Bachelor of Science major requires nine courses in biology. The major provisions in biology are the same as those noted above under the Bachelor of Arts major, but five rather than four 300-level electives are required, only one of which can be BIOL 399 Undergraduate Research.

The Bachelor of Science major also requires:

CHEM 211
  & CHEM 212
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry II 4
2
MATH 201Calculus I1
MATH 216Statistics I1
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 212
Classical and Modern Physics
   and Classical and Modern Physics
2
Select two of the following: 5
Biomimetic Materials
Inorganic Chemistry I
Analytical Chemistry
Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Mechanistic Organic Chemistry
Special Topics in Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry I
Biochemistry II
Introduction to Computer Science I
Introduction to Computer Science II
Environmental Pollution and Control
Environmental Planning
Introduction to Ecological Design
Sustainable Resource Management
Applied G.I.S.
Food and the Environment
Global Change - Past and Present
Physical/Environmental Geology
Evolution of the Earth
Environmental GIS
Introduction to Geochemistry
Geomorphology
Paleontology
Language and the Brain
Psycholinguistics
Calculus II
Calculus III
Statistics II
Logic
Symbolic Logic
Ecology, Nature, and the Future
Philosophy of Science
Philosophy of Biology
Learning
Human Cognition
Biopsychology
Sensation and Perception
Comparative Animal Cognition
Integrative Perspectives Course
4

Typically completed during the first year.

5

Other courses may be substituted with department approval.

Students interested in behavioral aspects of biology may wish to consider the animal behavior major; those interested in biochemistry, the cell biology/biochemistry major; those interested in environmental issues, the environmental science BA within the environmental studies program; and those interested in neural biology, the neuroscience program. Students planning to continue with graduate training in biology are encouraged to elect MATH 217 Statistics II and/or MATH 202 Calculus II and to consult their academic adviser or pre-health professions adviser.

The recommended sequence for the Bachelor of Science major is as follows:

First Year
First SemesterCreditsSecond SemesterCredits
BIOL 2051BIOL 2061
CHEM 2111CHEM 2121
MATH 2011MATH 2161
Foundation Seminar1Elective1
 4 4
Sophomore
First SemesterCreditsSecond SemesterCredits
BIOL 2071BIOL 2081
Related area course1Related area course1
Elective1Elective1
Elective1Elective1
 4 4
Junior
First SemesterCreditsSecond SemesterCredits
Elective in biology1Elective in biology1
PHYS 2111PHYS 2121
Elective1Elective1
Elective1Elective1
 4 4
Senior
First SemesterCreditsSecond SemesterCredits
Two electives in biology2Elective in biology1
Elective1Elective1
Elective1Elective1
 Elective1
 4 4
Total Credits: 32

College Core Curriculum – Disciplinary Depth Requirements

Students in the biology major will satisfy the writing and the information literacy requirement by completing BIOL 205 Introduction to Molecules and Cells and BIOL 206 Organismal Biology and at least two 300-level biology laboratory/field courses. They will satisfy the formal presentation requirement by completing BIOL 206 Organismal Biology as well as at least two 300-level courses in biology, which will include a required oral presentation. The Culminating Experience in Biology requirement will be fulfilled by taking one 300-level laboratory or field course in one of a student’s last two semesters.

Transfer students must complete at least four courses in biology in residence at Bucknell, only one of which may be BIOL 399 Undergraduate Research.

For Bucknell students who elect to study abroad, at least three upper division courses toward the major and at least one toward the minor must be taught by Bucknell faculty.

Students who pass BIOL 121 Biology for Non-majors-BIOL 122 Biology for Non-majors with a grade of B or better in both courses may receive one core credit toward the biology major pending consultation with the department chair.

Biology Minor

A minor in biology consists of five courses.

At least two 300-level courses 1
Select two of the following:
Introduction to Molecules and Cells
Organismal Biology
Genetics
Principles of Ecology and Evolution
1

Cannot be BIOL 399 Undergraduate Research

Courses

BIOL 111. Controversies in Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:1
Introduction for the non-science major. Background on molecules, cells, and genetics. Required recitation will include discussions about current advances and controversies in biology. Not for pre-health students. Will not count toward the biology major. Students who take BIOL 111 may not take BIOL 121.

BIOL 121. Biology for Non-majors. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Introductory course primarily for the non-biology major. Focuses on life at the cellular and biochemical levels, genetics, and biotechnology. This course is not appropriate preparation for the majority of pre-health graduate programs. Please consult with the Pre-health Adviser for more information.

BIOL 122. Biology for Non-majors. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Introductory course primarily for the non-biology major. Topics covered include principles of ecology, evolution, animal diversity, behavior, and structure, and function. It is not necessary to take BIOL 121 prior to taking BIOL 122. This course is not appropriate preparation for the majority of pre-health graduate programs. Please consult with the Pre-health Adviser for more information.

BIOL 130. Health and Disease. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3
A biology course, for non-majors only, that explores the basic biological principles underlying normal health and the most common diseases of humans.

BIOL 137. Biology of Aging and Longevity. 1 Credit.

Offered Summer Session Only; Lecture hours:6
This course will explore questions in the biology of aging from a physiological, genetic, and evolutionary framework.

BIOL 150. Plants, People, and the Environment. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3
The diversity and evolution of plants, fungi, and related organisms with special emphasis on flowering plants; their importance for food, fiber, medicine, and psychoactive compounds; origins of agriculture; domestication of plants; and the role of plants in the environment.

BIOL 1NT. Biology Non-traditional Study. .5-2 Credits.

Offered Fall, Spring, Summer; Lecture hours:Varies
Nontraditional study in Biology. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

BIOL 205. Introduction to Molecules and Cells. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:4
An introductory course which focuses on the molecular biology of cells. Basic biochemical processes, cellular and subcellular structure and function are emphasized. First core course.

BIOL 206. Organismal Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:4; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
An introductory course for biology majors emphasizing organisms as dynamic systems by integrating structure with function. Laboratories introduces scientific method and collaborative learning. Second core course. BIOL 205 is strongly recommended as a prerequisite.

BIOL 207. Genetics. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:1
A comprehensive survey of genetic mechanisms and methodologies, including classical genetics, recombinational analysis in bacteria, fungi, and higher eukaryotes, molecular genetics and populational and quantitative genetics. Third core course. Prerequisite: BIOL 205.

BIOL 208. Principles of Ecology and Evolution. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Introduction to systematic biology, evolutionary theory, physiological ecology, behavioral ecology, population and community ecology, and ecosystem structure and function. Fourth core course. BIOL 206 and BIOL 207 strongly recommended as prerequisites.

BIOL 220. Human Anatomy. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
A course that focuses on the anatomy of and relationship between human muscles, bones, and organs. Lab involves dissection, with the cat as the primary specimen. Does not count towards the biology major. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

BIOL 221. Human Physiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
A course that focuses on the functions of and interactions between human organ systems. Does not count towards the biology major. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

BIOL 231. Phage Hunters - Part I. .5 Credits.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:Varies,Other:4
Students in this investigative laboratory course will isolate viruses that infect bacteria (bacteriophages) from soil samples and characterize the genome using molecular genetics techniques. Prerequisite: BIOL 205 and permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 207.

BIOL 232. Phage Hunters - Part II. .5 Credits.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:Varies,Other:4
Continuation of BIOL 231. Students will learn the theory and application of bioinformatics and genomics to analyze the genome sequence of a bacteriophage isolated from soil samples. Prerequisites: BIOL 231 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 235. Introduction to Microbiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Summers; Lecture hours:6,Other:6
An introduction to microbiology for non-science majors. Course will focus on the interaction between humans and microbes, not limited to disease.

BIOL 245. Tropical Marine Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Summer Session Only; Lecture hours:10,Other:18
A field course in marine biology of coral reefs in the Virgin Islands for non-science majors. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

BIOL 266. Animal Behavior. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3
A survey of important theories, issues, and empirical techniques in the interdisciplinary field of animal behavior emphasizing both proximate and ultimate mechanisms and explanations for behavior. Crosslisted as ANBE 266 and PSYC 266.

BIOL 302. Microbiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:4
Ultra-structure, behavior, metabolism, molecular biology, and development of micro-organisms. Roles in disease and food production. Laboratory will emphasize cultivation and identification. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 207, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 304. Biology of Cancer. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3
The study of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that create cancer. Prerequisites: BIOL 205, BIOL 207, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 309. Wildlife and Emerging Diseases. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3
Biology of wildlife diseases, especially zoonoses (infections that jump to humans). Course will integrate popular and scientific sources. Prerequisites: BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 312. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Gross morphology with emphasis on functional and evolutionary modifications of animal structure. Gross dissection and techniques used in morphology. Prerequisites: BIOL 122 or BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 313. Mammalogy. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Biology of mammals, including evolution, classification, biodiversity, behavior, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and conservation. Lab will include specimen identification, preparation, and field studies. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

BIOL 314. Amphibian Biology and Conservation. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The biology of amphibians, including classification, physiology, reproduction, ecology, evolution, and conservation. Laboratory section will include identification of amphibians and field work to identify conservation issues surrounding local amphibian populations. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 314.

BIOL 316. Plant Growth and Development. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The physiological and molecular bases of growth and development at the organ, tissue, and cellular levels. Effects of environmental stimuli and hormones on gene expression and the resultant changes at higher levels of organization. Prerequisite: BIOL 205, BIOL 206, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 318. Principles of Physiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Emphasizes the breadth of physiology and explores physiological principles of animals from a cellular, organismal, medical, and ecological framework. Laboratory focuses on experimental design and independent research. Prerequisites: BIOL 205, BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 319. Seminar. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:Varies,Other:3; Repeatable
Topics vary.

BIOL 320. Seminar. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:Varies,Other:3; Repeatable
Topics vary.

BIOL 321. Behavioral Ecology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3
The consideration of behavioral adaptations to various ecological situations. Topics include habitat choice, foraging behavior, defenses against predation, mate choice, and brood care. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 322. Physiological Mechanisms. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Spring Semester; Lecture hours:3
Integration of cell and organ physiology; emphasis on protein, ion transport, nerve and muscle physiology, cardiovascular, renal, and respiratory systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 323. Mammalian Histology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
A detailed study of the microscopic architecture and associated physiology of mammalian cells, tissues and organ systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 324. Neurophysiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3
A study of neural signaling via stimulus-response, with an emphasis on cellular integration. Sensory-motor as well as more complex brain systems will be explored. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 or NEUR 100 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 326. Cytogenetics. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Study of chromosome structure, organization, aberrations, and behavior. Multiple eukaryotic systems will be considered with links to human disease. Perquisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 207 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 327. Molecular Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Both Fall and Spring,Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Synthesis of DNA, RNA, and protein, and the regulation of these processes in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; laboratory experience in the manipulation and analysis of genes. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 207 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 328. Endocrinology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:2
Regulation and function of hormones and their receptors from molecular to organismal levels. Role of hormones in development, physiology, and behavior; endocrine disease. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 330. Plant Systematics. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:4
Exploration of the diversity of plant life on Earth through lectures, labs, and field trips; includes biogeography, natural history, evolutionary relationships, ethnobotanical uses, and identification. Prerequisite: BIOL 206 or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 331. Functional Genomics. 1 Credit.

Offered Occasionally; Lecture hours:3,Other:2
A computer research-based course in which students study the structure, content, expression and evolution of genomes. Prerequisites: BIOL 207 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 332. Developmental Neurobiology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:1
Primary literature-based senior seminar on topics in developmental neurobiology. Prerequisites: BIOL 205, BIOL 207, and either BIOL 206 or NEUR 100, junior or senior status, and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as NEUR 332.

BIOL 334. Limnology. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of fresh-water communities are studied. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 336. Anatomy and Microscopy of Plants. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Introduction to the internal structure of plants, including subcellular anatomy, plant cell types, tissue types, and the diversity of these types across the plant kingdom. Significant experience with multiple forms of microscopy involved. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 337. Biology of Aging. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3
This course will explore questions in the biology of aging from a physiological, genetic, and evolutionary framework, with an emphasis on critical reading of primary literature. Prerequisites: BIOL 206 or NEUR 100 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 339. Developmental Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
This course provides an introduction to early animal development with emphasis on the molecular, cellular and genetic mechanisms that drive the formation of the embryo. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 or NEUR 100 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 340. Biochemical Methods. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:2,Other:6
A course in laboratory techniques including cell fractionation and analysis of proteins and nucleic acids. Spectrophotometry, chromatography, centrifugation, electrophoresis, and methods of molecular cloning are emphasized. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and CHEM 351 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as CHEM 358.

BIOL 341. Organic Evolution. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Spring Semester; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The principles and mechanisms of evolution in plants and animals, covering population phenomena, speciation, life history strategies, adaptation, systematics, and biogeography. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 341.

BIOL 342. Neuroethology. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3
A course that integrates neurobiology and behavior in natural contexts. Emphasis on signal detection, recognition, discrimination, localization, orientation, and the control of complex acts. Neuronal and hormonal mechanisms, ontogeny and evolution of behavior will be considered. Prerequisites: BIOL 206 or NEUR 100 and BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 342.

BIOL 347. Virology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:2
The study of virus structure, genome organization, replication and host-interactions. Emphasis will be on animal and bacterial viruses. Prerequisites: BIOL 205, BIOL 207, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 348. Immunology. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Development and function of the immune system in animals. The immune response in health and disease. Techniques in immunology. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 or NEUR 100 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 351. Field Botany. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:1
Outdoor field experience in plant diversity and ecology. Excursions to natural areas focused on identification, community dynamics, and ecological interactions/adaptations. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 352. Cell Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
Covers biomembranes, cell growth patterns, cell signaling, the cytoskeleton, cell organelles, and microscopic techniques. Laboratory includes experience with cell culture. Prerequisites: BIOL 205 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 353. Ecosystem Ecology. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternate Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3,Other:1
Interactions between organisms and physical and chemical environment including nutrient cycling and energy flow, biogeochemistry, and temporal and spatial dynamics of ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIOL 208, junior or senior status, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 354. Tropical Ecology. 1 Credit.

Offered Either Fall or Spring; Lecture hours:3
Introduction to tropical ecology including life history strategies of vertebrates and invertebrates, biodiversity management and conservation. Emphasis on class and individual projects, data collection, and journal keeping. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 354.

BIOL 355. Social Insects. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:2
Evolution and genetics of social behavior, caste, communication in foraging and colony defense, queen and worker control over reproduction, social homeostasis and population dynamics. Occasionally may be taught as a laboratory science. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 355. Juniors and seniors only.

BIOL 357. Ornithology. 1 Credit.

Offered Occasionally; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The biology of birds, including evolution, behavior, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and conservation; lab trips focus on identification of birds in the field. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 357.

BIOL 358. Invertebrate Zoology. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
A survey of the invertebrate phyla covering phylogenetic relationships, functional morphology, ecology, life histories, symbiosis, ontogeny, and behavior. Includes hands-on study of organisms in lab and field. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 208, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 359. General Entomology. 1 Credit.

Offered Alternating Fall Semester; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
The biology of insects and their kin: anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior, development, evolution, systematics, and diversity. Prerequisites: BIOL 206, BIOL 208, and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 361. Systematic Biology. 1 Credit.

Offered Occasionally; Lecture hours:3
Seminar in systematics, the study of the classification, diversity, and evolutionary relationships of all life. Emphasis placed on molecular data and the importance of systematics to all fields of biology. Prerequisites: BIOL 207, BIOL 208 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 365. Introduction to Microscopy. 1 Credit.

Offered Spring Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3
This course is designed as an overview of light and electron microscopy, with emphasis placed on the use of instrumentation. Prerequisites: BIOL 352 and permission of the instructor.

BIOL 370. Primate Behavior and Ecology. 1 Credit.

Offered Fall Semester Only; Lecture hours:3,Other:3; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Introduction to research on prosimians, monkeys, and apes including diversity, social evolution, sexual selection, reproduction, social behavior, and cognitive abilities. Prerequisites: BIOL 122 or BIOL 208 or BIOL 266 and permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as ANBE 370 and PSYC 370.

BIOL 399. Undergraduate Research. .5-2 Credits.

Offered Fall, Spring or Summer; Lecture hours:Varies,Other:Varies; Repeatable; May require dissection or live animal experimentation
Undergraduate research. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

Faculty

Professors: Mitchell I. Chernin (Chair), Kathleen C. Page

Associate Professors: Elizabeth A. Capaldi Evans, Kenneth A. Field, Julie A. Gates, Mark Haussmann, Matthew B. Heintzelman (Associate Chair), Stephen D. Jordan, Christopher Martine, Matthew E. McTammany, Leocadia V. Paliulis, Marie C. Pizzorno, DeeAnn M. Reeder, Mark D. Spiro, C. Tristan Stayton, Emily Stowe-Evans

Assistant Professors: Z. Morgan Benowitz-Fredericks, Elizabeth C. Marin, Mizuki Takahashi

Visiting Assistant Professors: Nicholas Block, Rebekah Stevenson

Lecturer: Alison Patterson

Laboratory Directors: Karin I. Knisely, Kathryn B. Toner

Microscopy Specialist: Joseph G. Moore