Social Justice Minor

The minor consists of five credits: a core course, three electives, and an integrative experience course. At least one of the five courses must be a community-based research/service learning course (See footnote1).

Core Courses

The core courses are intended to provide students with the ability to assess contrasting views of what constitutes social justice and include both self-reflection and critical thinking. In addition, core courses may also give historical background on an issue or issues of social injustice and/or provide an introduction to concepts such as oppression and privilege.

PHIL 214Social and Political Philosophy1
POLS 210Political Theory1
ENST 255Environmental Injustice1


To ensure interdisciplinary study and to encourage students to develop knowledge of a number of different social justice issues, electives are divided into five categories. A student must take their three elective courses from at least two of the five categories and from at least two different disciplines or departments. No more than two courses may be at the 100-level.

A. Gender and Sexuality

WMST 150Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies1
WMST 225Modernism on the Margins: Race, Class and Sexuality1
WMST 226Prince-Pimp/Princess-Pornstar1
HIST 100Thinking about History1
HIST 222U.S. History from the 1940s to the Present1
HIST 214Topics in American History1
GEOG 324Geographies of Identity1
SOCI 100Introduction to Sociology1
PHIL 230Feminist Philosophy1
EDUC 290Gender Issues in Education1
PSYC 303Critical Psychologies 11
ANTH 290Medical Anthropology1
ENLS 228Gender and Sexuality in America1
SOCI 239Deviance and Identity1
HUMN 320History of Sexuality1
PSYC 232Psychology of Women1
GEOG 323Gender and Geography1
SOCI/WMST 328Mating and Marrying in America1
WMST/POLS 254Sex and Social Order1
POLS/WMST 238Women and Politics1

B. Race and Ethnicity

POLS 263Race and Ethnicity in American Legal Thought1
MUSC 257Music and Culture: Jazz, Rock, and Race1
ENLS 211Southern Exposure1
POLS 371Minority Politics1
POLS 219Latin American Politics1
ANTH 256Anthropology of Native North America1
HIST 290Europe Imperialism and Colonialism1
RELI 209Israel: Land, People, and Tradition1
POLS 246Race Ethnicity and American Politics1
HIST 223Twentieth-century African-American History: Eyes on the Prize1
HIST 219Antebellum America1
POLS 211Third World Politics1
GEOG 324Geographies of Identity1
HIST 100Thinking about History1
HIST 214Topics in American History1
HIST 220American Civil War and Reconstruction1
SOCI 280Twentieth-century Afro-Caribbean and African-American Thought1
ENLS 315Unsettling Memories1
IREL 215Cultural Dimensions of International Relations1
SOCI 243Sociology of Race and Ethnicity1
ECON 270South Africa: Social Entrepreneurship1
SOCI 327Race, Citizenship and Human Rights1

C.   Poverty, Inequality and Class

ECON/WMST 236Unemployment and Poverty 21
ECON/GEOG 350Classical Marxism 21
ECON/MGMT/PSYC 270South Africa: Social Entrepreneurship 1, 21
GEOG 209Economic Geography 21
ECON 258Intermediate Political Economy1
ECON 458Marxian Economics1
EDUC 318Multiculturalism and Education1
ECON 309Globalization and Its Implications1
HIST 290Europe Imperialism and Colonialism1
IREL 252Political Economy of Global Resources1
SOCI 322Sociology of Medicine1-1.5
GEOG 237Grassroots Development: Nicaragua 11
PSYC 307Culture and Child Development1
GEOG/IREL/LAMS 292Service-Learning in Nicaragua1
EDUC 101Social Foundation of Education1
SOCI 130Medicine and Society1
SOCI 215Human Service Systems 21
PSYC 320Children's Studies 11
SOCI 311Globalization, Technology, and Cultural Change1
SOCI 219Culture and Power1
SOCI 329Millennials in the Workplace1
SOCI 242Rural Communities1
GEOG 101Globalization, People, and Place1
GEOG 324Geographies of Identity1
ECON 251Logic Limits Economic Justice1
WMST 251Women and Development1

D. Environmental Justice

ENST 245Environmental Policy and Politics1
ENST 325Nature, Wealth and Power1
ANTH 260Environmental Anthropology1
IREL 270Global Governance of Climate Change1
ENST 211Environmental Pollution and Control1
UNIV 200Integrated Perspectives Course (04: Food Justice/Food Insecurity) 1, 21
UNIV 200Integrated Perspectives Course (01: Climate Change Science and Ethics)1
SOCI 220Environmental Sociology1
ENST 221Hazardous Waste and Society1
ENST 205Green Utopias1
ENST/ENLS 225/HUMN 290Susquehanna Country 11
ENST 255Environmental Injustice1
ENST 246Environmental Activism1
ENST 236Environmental Ethics1
GEOG 101Globalization, People, and Place1

E. Law, Religion, and Human Rights

RELI 280Religion and Constitutional Law1
RELI 281Religion and American Politics1
SOCI 251Violence and Society1
SOCI 327Race, Citizenship and Human Rights1
IREL 255International Law1
POLS 219Latin American Politics1

Integrative Experience

Integrative experience courses provide students with the opportunity to apply their knowledge of social justice toward the development of a project or toward extensive participation in community-based research.

UNIV 335Practicing Democracy: Active Citizenship, Community Engagement, and Social Change1
SOCI 322Sociology of Medicine1-1.5
SOCI 351Field Research.5-2
MSUS 400Sustainability Action Learning Project1

Poverty Studies Concentration

Students may choose a concentration in Poverty Studies by choosing a core course, integrative experience course, and at least two electives that focus significantly on issues of poverty. These courses (See footnote2) allow students to combine their coursework with a poverty studies internship offered each year through the Shepherd Consortium.


 Community-based research/service learning course.


 Poverty studies course.